The first tourist with a known name who came to Palma de Mallorca was Quinto Cecilio Metelo, nicknamed since then «el Balear», who founded the city in 123 BC. And he did it on a Talayotic village that must have existed very close to the shore. The Roman foundation is now buried under the current neighborhood of La Seu, next to the cathedral. The most possible delimitation that it had would be the shore of the sea, the old course of the torrent of the Riera (current Paseo del Borne and Antonio Maura Avenue), the streets Miramar and Morey and the squares of Cort and Santa Eulalia.
With the Roman conquest, the archipelago became the Balearic province and its famous slingers were incorporated into the republican armies. The wall that was built was not enough to defend the city after the fall of the Empire, which was occupied successively by Vandals and Byzantines until the arrival of Islam, in 903m, coming to depend on the Caliphate of Cordoba. Jaime I incorporates the islands to the kingdom of Aragon in 1229, also initiating the construction of the great cathedral of Palma, Santa María, which took several centuries to complete and which has the largest rosette among all the Gothic churches.
From that moment the privileged situation of the island transformed it into a commercial emporium of merchandise traffic throughout the western Mediterranean and one of the main trading ports with the Grand Turk.
The municipality of Palma, a name that has been recovered, has an area of more than 20,000 hectares, bordering the Mediterranean Sea and the municipalities of Algaida, Bunyola, Calviá, Esporles, Marratxí. Llucmajor, Santa Eugenia, Santa María del Camino and Valldemossa. Throughout this broad urban area there is a wide range of flats and houses for sale to live in Palma de Mallorca. It also has the small archipelago of Cabrera, Conejera, Rodona and other islets.
With its almost 450,000 right-holders, Palma is the eighth city in Spain and the first in the Balearic Islands, although in tourist times, which is becoming more and more extensive, it can double this figure, counting with a wide range of flats and houses for sale to live in Palma de Mallorca and also rental housing.
Forgetting about those first Roman tourists who came to the island almost 22 centuries ago, the beginning of tourism to the Balearic Islands takes place in the middle of the 19th century, due to the confluence of several factors. On the one hand, the French conquest of North Africa, which ended with the incursions of pirates on its shores, a period of peace in Europe that followed the Napoleonic wars and the increase of the bourgeois class in the continent brought about by industrialization and Commerce.
Thus, in 1838 the first regular line of steam boats between Barcelona and Palma was inaugurated, the first tourist guide was published in 1845 and they were followed by others that helped to spread the goodness of the archipelago attracting travelers of all nationalities, such as Federico Chopin. And that if that was a true «called effect». From that moment began the interest in the flats and houses for sale to live in Palma de Mallorca.
And while that happened the city of Palma began to grow, getting rid of the beginning of the century, 1901, of the walled belt that constricted it and turned its interior into an unhealthy and excessively populated area. Released, the city doubled its population in just 30 years, passed to almost 120,000 people in 1940.
La década de los 60 marca la aparición del turismo de masas y las grandes cifras de visitantes. Los 500.000 turistas que visitaron la isla en 1960 pasaron a 6.700.000 en el año 97 y a los casi 20 millones recién iniciado el siglo. La economía se disparó y Baleares ocupa desde entonces un lugar puntero en el PIB español.
Parallel to tourism, the construction sector is the second sector that creates more jobs in Mallorca, although of the almost 5000 companies registered in 2008 in all the islands, there are just over 3400 after the crisis caused by the housing bubble . This crisis is being mitigated in the city of Palma by the intense rehabilitation of buildings that is taking place in its historic area.
Since 2005 and with the aim of decentralizing the management of the city, Palma has been divided into five large districts, the Northern District, the Central District, the Levante District, the Poniente District and Playa de Palma with a total of 89 neighborhoods.
And in the old town we find typical Palmans houses, of which more than five hundred still survive, in which a clear influence of the Catalan medieval house is perceived. Large houses with covered entrance between the portal and the patio on the sides of which are doors leading to pantries or stables. They have a narrow cobblestone covered with arches, columns and capitals finished in galleries with a small garden in the background. The balconies of these houses are protected by balustrades and wrought iron.
Agriculture, which was the first important sector of Palma and the Balearic Islands until well into the 20th century, now occupies the third place in importance and many of the rustic properties are being converted into tourist buildings for holiday rentals. The opportunities to find true wonders among these rural farms are not abundant anymore, but looking good can still be found.
The most important geographical element of the area is the Bay of Palma, the true backbone of the city, center of almost all tourist, real estate and sports activities, center of Spanish sailing sport. Also of its most select areas with the highest prices per square meter in its flats and houses for sale to live in Palma de Mallorca.